ochre use in the middle stone age at sibudu

Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age Oxford Research

Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age Oxford Research

Apr 01, 2020 · Hodgskiss, Tammy. 2013. "Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. Grinding, Rubbing, Scoring and Engraving." Journal of African Archaeology 11 (1): 1–21. Find this resource: Google Preview WorldCat Hodgskiss, Tammy. 2014. "The Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa."

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Those marvellous millennia: the Middle Stone Age of

Those marvellous millennia: the Middle Stone Age of

Africa''s Middle Stone Age (MSA) may have lasted almost half a million years, but its earliest expression is not yet well understood. The MSA is best known for innovations that appear in the archaeological record at various times after about 200,000 years ago with the first appearance of Homo sapiens. These novel behaviours embrace hafting technology, the use of compound paints and adhesives

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Tammy Hodgskiss – The Conversation

Tammy Hodgskiss – The Conversation

Ochre use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu: grinding, rubbing, scoring and engraving, Journal of African Archaeology 11(1): 75–95 2012 An investigation into the properties of the ochre from

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The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic

The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic

Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: Grinding, Rubbing, Scoring and Engraving. Journal of African Archaeology, 11(1), 7595. Hodgskiss, T. P. (2014). Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 24(03), 405428.

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The gripping nature of ochre: The association of ochre

The gripping nature of ochre: The association of ochre

Oct 01, 2007 · Ochre associated with Later Stone Age mastic. The symbolic and ritual use of ochre during the LSA in southern Africa is well established in the ethnographic, archaeological, and rock art records (Deacon, 1992, Lebzelter, 1996, Wadley, 1997, Watts, 1998, Marshall, 1999, Bleek and Lloyd, 2001, James, 2001). Closer inspection of two previously

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From the Cover: Impliions for complex cognition from

From the Cover: Impliions for complex cognition from

Jun 16, 2009 · Compound adhesives made from red ochre mixed with plant gum were used in the Middle Stone Age (MSA), South Africa. Repliions reported here suggest that early artisans did not merely color their glues red they deliberately effected physical transformations involving chemical changes from acidic to less acidic pH, dehydration of the adhesive near wood fires, and changes to

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A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at

A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at

show all authors [1 10] Published in PLOS ONE. 2015, vol. 10, no. 6, p. e0131273 : Abstract Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, proteomic and scanning electron microscopy with energydispersive Xray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) analyses of residue on a stone flake from a 49,000 yearold layer of Sibudu (South Africa) indie a mixture of ochre and casein from milk, likely obtained by killing a

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Tammy Reynard Johannesburg Area, South Africa

Tammy Reynard Johannesburg Area, South Africa

Many Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites have evidence of the regular collection and use of ochre. Sibudu (KwaZuluNatal, South Africa) has a large MSA ochre assemblage of over 9000 pieces from layers dating between ~77 ka and ~38 ka. There are 682 pieces with signs of use. All usetraces were examined and activity egories were defined based on

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Patterns of change and continuity in ochre use during the

Patterns of change and continuity in ochre use during the

May 24, 2017 · Watts I. The origin of symbolic culture: the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa and Khoisan ethnography. Doctoral dissertation, University of London. 1998. 40. Hodgskiss T. Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: Grinding, Rubbing, Scoring and Engraving. J Afr Archaeol. 201311: 75–95. View Article

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What the Ancient Pigment Ochre Tells Us About the Human

What the Ancient Pigment Ochre Tells Us About the Human

Mar 16, 2018 · Ochre use became widespread in the Middle Stone Age, a period of about 50,000 to 280,000 years ago, and during this time, Hodgskiss says, "there seems to be a preference for red — a larger percentage of the ochre used was red.

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From Sibudu Cave: the Earliest Known Creation and Use of

From Sibudu Cave: the Earliest Known Creation and Use of

At ≈40 ka, bitumen was found on stone tools in Syria, and a similarly aged site in Kenya yielded tools with red ochre stains that imply the use of multicomponent glue. Traces of even earlier (≈70 ka) compound adhesives occur, together with microfractures consistent with hafting, on Middle Stone Age (MSA) stone tools from Sibudu Cave, South

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The Role of Ochre in the Middle Stone Age

The Role of Ochre in the Middle Stone Age

Red ochre is widely distributed at Middle Stone Age (MSA – for list of abbreviations see Appendix 1) sites. Ritual and utilitarian interpretations have been proposed for its occurrences, resulting in an ongoing debate regarding the role ochre played during the African MSA.

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C H A P T E R S I X (Thesis pages 7081) Published in 2006

C H A P T E R S I X (Thesis pages 7081) Published in 2006

Direct evidence for the use of ochre in the hafting technology of Middle Stone Age tools from Sibudu Cave Marlize Lombard Natal Museum, P. Bag 9070, Pietermaritzburg, 3200 & University of KwaZuluNatal, P. Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209 South Africa [email protected] ABSTRACT Microscopy was performed on tools obtained from the Middle Stone Age

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A Raman microspectroscopy study of 77,000 to 71,000 year

A Raman microspectroscopy study of 77,000 to 71,000 year

Many Middle Stone Age sites in South Africa yielded hundreds, even thousands, of ochre pieces sometimes showing use traces. Less attention has been paid

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A Raman microspectroscopy study of 77,000 to 71,000 year

A Raman microspectroscopy study of 77,000 to 71,000 year

Many Middle Stone Age sites in South Africa yielded hundreds, even thousands, of ochre pieces sometimes showing use traces. Less attention has been paid to the tools used for their processing. Here, seven tools excavated from the oldest layers (71,000 to 77,000 years ago) of Sibudu rock shelter were studied noninvasively to identify the microresidues on them.

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Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone

Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone

Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa Article (PDF Available) in Cambridge Archaeological Journal 24132044(03 (24)):405428 · November 2014 with 178

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Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone

Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone

Nov 03, 2014 · Patterns of change and continuity in ochre use during the late Middle Stone Age of the Horn of Africa: The PorcEpic Cave record. PLOS ONE, Vol. 12, Issue. 5, p. e0177298. PLOS ONE, Vol. 12, Issue. 5, p. e0177298.

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The Middle Stone Ag, symbolic material culture and the

The Middle Stone Ag, symbolic material culture and the

MIDDLE STONE AGE In Africa c. 280 Ð 30 ka. Apollo 11 Hollow Rock Peers Cave Blombos Sibudu STILL BAY SITES x 5 c. 77 71 ka 300 km Diepkloof RS Recent OSL dating Jacobs et al 2008 Science. SIBUDU DIEPKLOOF ROCK SHELTER Ochre processing & use Henshilwood et al, 2001. JHE Henshilwood et al 2009 JHE

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Impliions for complex cognition from the hafting of

Impliions for complex cognition from the hafting of

Kenya yielded tools with red ochre stains that imply the use of multicomponent glue (5). Traces of even earlier ( 70 ka) compound adhesives occur, together with microfractures consistent with hafting, on Middle Stone Age (MSA) stone tools from Sibudu Cave, South Africa (see SI Text and Table S1).

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Prehistoric Man in South Africa Made Milkbased Paint

Prehistoric Man in South Africa Made Milkbased Paint

Sep 27, 2018 · "The powdered paint mixture was found on the edge of a small stone flake in a layer of Sibudu Cave, a rock shelter in northern KwaZuluNatal, Africa, that was occupied by anatomically modern humans in the Middle Stone Age said Villa. While ochre powder production and its use are documented in a number of Middle Stone Age South African

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Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone

Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone

Patterns of change and continuity in ochre use during the late Middle Stone Age of the Horn of Africa: The PorcEpic Cave record. PLOS ONE, Vol. 12, Issue.

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Rose Cottage Cave Wikipedia

Rose Cottage Cave Wikipedia

Rose Cottage is the only site from the Middle Stone Age that can tell us about the behavioral variability of huntergatherers during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. Berry D. Malan excavated the site between 1943 and 1946, shortly succeeded by Peter B. Beaumont in the early 1960s, and the most recent excavations occurred from 1987 to 1997 by

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The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic

The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic

Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: Grinding, Rubbing, Scoring and Engraving. Journal of African Archaeology, 11(1), 7595. Hodgskiss, T. P. (2014). Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 24(03), 405428.

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Use of red ochre by early Neandertals PNAS

Use of red ochre by early Neandertals PNAS

The use of manganese and iron oxides by late Neandertals is well documented in Europe, especially for the period 60–40 kya. Such finds often have been interpreted as pigments even though their exact function is largely unknown. Here we report significantly older iron oxide finds that constitute the earliest documented use of red ochre by Neandertals.

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Impliions for complex cognition from the hafting of

Impliions for complex cognition from the hafting of

Kenya yielded tools with red ochre stains that imply the use of multicomponent glue (5). Traces of even earlier ( 70 ka) compound adhesives occur, together with microfractures consistent with hafting, on Middle Stone Age (MSA) stone tools from Sibudu Cave, South Africa (see SI Text and Table S1).

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Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone

Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone

Patterns of change and continuity in ochre use during the late Middle Stone Age of the Horn of Africa: The PorcEpic Cave record. PLOS ONE, Vol. 12, Issue.

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Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone

Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone

Red ochre (hematite—Fe 2 O 3) thought to have been mixed with plant gum to create adhesive often occurs on stone tools in fairly large deposits that are even visible to the naked eye. Ground striated hematite nodules are fairly common in Sibudu and other Stone Age sites in southern Africa.

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Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone

Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone

Red ochre (hematite—Fe 2 O 3) thought to have been mixed with plant gum to create adhesive often occurs on stone tools in fairly large deposits that are even visible to the naked eye. Ground striated hematite nodules are fairly common in Sibudu and other Stone Age sites in southern Africa.

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Tammy Hodgskiss – The Conversation

Tammy Hodgskiss – The Conversation

Ochre use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu: grinding, rubbing, scoring and engraving, Journal of African Archaeology 11(1): 75–95 2012 An investigation into the properties of the ochre from

Get price
Middle Stone Age Wikipedia

Middle Stone Age Wikipedia

The Middle Stone Age (or MSA) was a period of African prehistory between the Early Stone Age and the Later Stone Age is generally considered to have begun around 280,000 years ago and ended around 50–25,000 years ago. The beginnings of particular MSA stone tools have their origins as far back as 550–500,000 years ago and as such some researchers consider this to be the beginnings of the

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From the Cover: Impliions for complex cognition from

From the Cover: Impliions for complex cognition from

Jun 16, 2009 · Compound adhesives made from red ochre mixed with plant gum were used in the Middle Stone Age (MSA), South Africa. Repliions reported here suggest that early artisans did not merely color their glues red they deliberately effected physical transformations involving chemical changes from acidic to less acidic pH, dehydration of the adhesive near wood fires, and changes to

Get price
The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic

The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic

Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: Grinding, Rubbing, Scoring and Engraving. Journal of African Archaeology, 11(1), 7595. Crossref Google Scholar. Hodgskiss, T. P. (2014). Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 24(03), 405428.

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Ochre The Oldest Known Natural Pigment in the World

Ochre The Oldest Known Natural Pigment in the World

Jul 03, 2019 · Ochre was part of the first art of the Middle Stone Age (MSA) phase in Africa called Howiesons Poort. The early modern human assemblages of 100,000yearold MSA sites including Blombos Cave and Klein Kliphuis in South Africa have been found to include examples of engraved ochre, slabs of ochre with carved patterns deliberately cut into the surface.

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The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic

The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic

Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: Grinding, Rubbing, Scoring and Engraving. Journal of African Archaeology, 11(1), 7595. Crossref Google Scholar. Hodgskiss, T. P. (2014). Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 24(03), 405428.

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Stone Age tools reveal people settled 58,000 years ago

Stone Age tools reveal people settled 58,000 years ago

About 58,000 years ago, Stone Age humans began to settle down, staying in one area for longer periods, a new study has found. Evidence from a cave called Sibudu in South Africa, including

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A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at

A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at

Introduction. Paint is a mixture of solid pigment and a liquid vehicle that can be applied to a surface or to a body for decorative or protective [] purposes.We report here an early case of a paint, preserved as a mineral and organic residue on the working edge of a stone flake from a Middle Stone Age (MSA) layer of Sibudu (South Africa), dated to c. 49,000 years ago [].

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Tammy Hodgskiss – The Conversation

Tammy Hodgskiss – The Conversation

Ochre use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu: grinding, rubbing, scoring and engraving, Journal of African Archaeology 11(1): 75–95 2012 An investigation into the properties of the ochre from

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Sabinet Direct evidence for the use of ochre in the

Sabinet Direct evidence for the use of ochre in the

Microscopy was performed on tools obtained from the Middle Stone Age deposits of Sibudu Cave because previous observations suggested that there might be a possible functional role for ochre at the site. Analyses of the distribution patterns of ochre residues conducted on postHowiesons Poort points and Howiesons Poort segments from Sibudu Cave show that ochre was an integral part of the

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Middle Stone Age Wikipedia

Middle Stone Age Wikipedia

The Middle Stone Age (or MSA) was a period of African prehistory between the Early Stone Age and the Later Stone Age is generally considered to have begun around 280,000 years ago and ended around 50–25,000 years ago. The beginnings of particular MSA stone tools have their origins as far back as 550–500,000 years ago and as such some researchers consider this to be the beginnings of the

Get price
Ochre use at Sibudu Cave and its link to complex  CORE

Ochre use at Sibudu Cave and its link to complex CORE

Sibudu has a large Middle Stoneud Age ochre assemblage of over 9000 pieces of ochre from layers dating between ~77 kaud and ~37.6 ka. All pieces were examined to determine the types of ochre used and toud inspect all usetraces present on the pieces.

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Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa

Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa

Request PDF Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: Grinding, Rubbing, Scoring and Engraving Many Middle Stone Age (MSA)

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The Role of Ochre in the Middle Stone Age

The Role of Ochre in the Middle Stone Age

Red ochre is widely distributed at Middle Stone Age (MSA – for list of abbreviations see Appendix 1) sites. Ritual and utilitarian interpretations have been proposed for its occurrences, resulting in an ongoing debate regarding the role ochre played during the African MSA.

Get price
A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at

A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at

Introduction. Paint is a mixture of solid pigment and a liquid vehicle that can be applied to a surface or to a body for decorative or protective [] purposes.We report here an early case of a paint, preserved as a mineral and organic residue on the working edge of a stone flake from a Middle Stone Age (MSA) layer of Sibudu (South Africa), dated to c. 49,000 years ago [].

Get price
Impliions for complex cognition from the hafting of

Impliions for complex cognition from the hafting of

Kenya yielded tools with red ochre stains that imply the use of multicomponent glue (5). Traces of even earlier ( 70 ka) compound adhesives occur, together with microfractures consistent with hafting, on Middle Stone Age (MSA) stone tools from Sibudu Cave, South Africa (see SI Text and Table S1).

Get price
Impliions for complex cognition from the hafting of

Impliions for complex cognition from the hafting of

Kenya yielded tools with red ochre stains that imply the use of multicomponent glue (5). Traces of even earlier ( 70 ka) compound adhesives occur, together with microfractures consistent with hafting, on Middle Stone Age (MSA) stone tools from Sibudu Cave, South Africa (see SI Text and Table S1).

Get price
What the Ancient Pigment Ochre Tells Us About the Human

What the Ancient Pigment Ochre Tells Us About the Human

Mar 16, 2018 · Ochre use became widespread in the Middle Stone Age, a period of about 50,000 to 280,000 years ago, and during this time, Hodgskiss says, "there seems to be a preference for red — a larger percentage of the ochre used was red.

Get price
Tammy Reynard Johannesburg Area, South Africa

Tammy Reynard Johannesburg Area, South Africa

Many Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites have evidence of the regular collection and use of ochre. Sibudu (KwaZuluNatal, South Africa) has a large MSA ochre assemblage of over 9000 pieces from layers dating between ~77 ka and ~38 ka. There are 682 pieces with signs of use. All usetraces were examined and activity egories were defined based on

Get price
Middle Stone Age Ochre Processing and Behavioural

Middle Stone Age Ochre Processing and Behavioural

Nov 02, 2016 · Ochre is a common feature at Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites and has often been interpreted as a proxy for the origin of modern behaviour. However, few ochre processing tools, ochre containers, and ochrestained artefacts from MSA contexts have been studied in detail within a theoretical framework aimed at inferring the technical steps involved in the acquisition, production and use

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Middle Stone Age enacademic

Middle Stone Age enacademic

Middle Stone Age artifacts. There is today widespread agreement among archaeologists that the world''s first art and symbolic culture dates to the southern African Middle Stone Age. Some of the most striking artefacts, including engraved pieces of red ochre, were manufactured at Blombos Cave in South Africa 70 ka. Pierced and ochred Nassarius shell beads were also recovered from Blombos, with

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